The Mid Day Meal Scheme is a school meal programme of the Government of India. It is designed to better the nutritional standing of school-age. The programme supplies free lunches on working days for children. Serving 120,000,000 children in over 1,265,000 schools and Education Guarantee Scheme centers. It is the largest of its kind in the world. India has committed to providing “adequate nutritious foods” for children. NFSA 2013 covers the Midday Meal Scheme. The programme has undergone many changes since its launch in 1995.
Objective of MDM Programme
To enhance the nutritional ability of the children under Sarva Shikha Abhiyan.
Characteristics of Mid Day Meal Scheme in Hindi
The scheme guidelines comfort to provide cooked mid-day meal.
- 450 calories and 12 g of protein to every child at primary level.
- 700 calories and 20 g of protein at the upper primary level.
For a primary child comes from cooking
- 100 g of rice/flour.
- 20 g pulses.
- 50 g vegetables.
- 5 g oil.
For an upper primary child, it comes from
- 150 g of rice/flour.
- 30 g of pulses.
- 75 g of vegetables.
- 7.5 g of oil.
The present provisions of MDM are as given below:-
- Free supply of food grains.
- Subsidy for transportation of food grains.
- In addition to foodgrains, a mid-day meal involves major input.
- A separate provision for payment of honorarium to cook-cum-helper.
- Provision of mid-day meal during a vacation in drought-affected areas.
Effective mobilization of mothers would include :
- Preference to women in the engagement of cooks cum helpers
- Hiring mothers towards their role in the supervision of cooking.
- Getting their suggestions on strengthening the programme strategies.
Benefits of Mid Day Meal in India
- Attracting children to school
- Improving regularity
- Nutritional benefits
- Socialization benefits
- Benefits to women.